This paper studies the community involvement in decision-making on CSR investments of mining firms in Peru and its causal conditions through stakeholder’s perceptions. To this end, community members, NGOs and consultants were interviewed. The focus was on various causal conditions in which stakeholders: a) explain the community needs,  b) recognize the investments made by the companies, c) believe that mining benefits are not what they expected, d) declare the costs generated by these activities and e) point out that dialogue is the solution. Collected data were processed via a content analysis, followed by a Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA). The conditions which appeared in the QCA solutions were different depending on whether the community participated or not in decision-making, with the second situation prevailing. The results offer further understanding to all parties and may help companies to improve their performance.


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