In the first article, Andrea Hurtado and Carlos Hernan Gonzalez-Crespo, of the Universidad del Valle (Colombia), propose an indicator to measure the level of knowledge absorptive capacity in Colombia based on a theoretical review of the concept and the various types of empirically validated measurements. The authors present a definition of absorptive capacity and its dimensions and validate it using the proposed indicator as a linear combination of these dimensions. The estimations were based on data from the Technological Development and Innovation Survey (Encuesta de Desarrollo e Innovación Tecnológica - EDIT) for the manufacturing and service industry sectors in Colombia. The authors concluded that, in general, both sectors have low absorptive capacity levels with some notable exceptions in the chemical product and home appliance industries, higher education and research and development centres.
Isaac Gezer and Sâmela Pedrada Cardoso of the Instituto Federal do Espírito Santo (Brazil) analyse the relationship between economic and social development and the level of entrepreneurial activity worldwide. The authors examine 65 countries using data from the Global Economic Monitor (GEM), the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. According to this study, the results confirm the hypothesis posed by the research project that the total rate of entrepreneurial initiative is inversely related to the economic and social development and competitiveness indicators. However, when entrepreneurial opportunity is verified the results show a strong positive relationship with the development level of the countries involved. This suggests that entrepreneurial opportunities drive innovation in companies which in turn drives economic growth.
In the next article Sandra Mara Iesbik Valmorbida of the Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná (Brazil), Sandra Rolim Ensslin and Leonardo Ensslin of the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (Brazil) and Vicente Mateo Ripoll-Feliu of the Universidad de Valencia (Spain) propose the construction of a performance assessment model based on the MCDA-C to aid management and decision-making in a Brazilian public university. Among the main conclusions of this exploratory research, the authors identify 129 aspects grouped into 8 areas and demonstrate how the model serves as a management tool that enables the manager to implement new action strategies to enhance performance.
The National Tourism Plan of Brazil mentions decentralisation of governmental activities from the Union to the States. Nevertheless, of the 27 States in the Federation only two have a tourist destination inducement political agenda: Minas Gerais and Bahía. Although various academic studies relate tourism with development, according to Giuliano Alves Borges e Silva, João Luiz Passador, Claudia Souza Passador and Jorge Luis Sánchez Arévalo of the Universidade de São Paulo – FEARP (Brazil), the States have done nothing in this respect. The study proposes two objectives: to compare the socio-economic indicator (Firjan municipal development indicator - IFDEM) between inducing and non-inducing cities in the two States and to analyse the features and differences of political governance between them. They conclude that the inducing destinations are socio-economically more highly developed and that the Minas Gerais programme is more technical-scientific while that of Bahía is more informative.
Ana Claudia Echazarreta-Cousté of the Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey (Mexico) and Joaquín Flores-Méndez of the Instituto Nacional Electoral (Mexico), present the results of the application of a statistically validated questionnaire that measures one aspect of the competences of non-managerial personnel: their level of knowledge of the reasons for organisational "greening". The sample population is composed of 576 workers. According to the authors the findings can be used to develop participation plans focused on correcting the perception of employees concerning the reasons cited, broaden their competences and enhance their green behaviour. The study also suggests that the employees' knowledge of private environmentally-friendly behaviour is a driver of ecologically responsible conduct by companies.
According to Antonio Gonçalves de Oliveira, Anderson Catapan and Iván Carlos Vicentín of the Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná (Brazil), political apathy is prevalent in the sectors of Brazilian society that participate actively in political decisions at State level, reinforced by the refusal of politicians to consider that the essence of political action is the social development of their State. The goal of the next article is to open this apathy to discussion and substantiation of the reasons behind it. As a result, the authors substantiate the underlying apathy and the perception/opinion of society with respect to political activity, a fact corroborated by the high abstention, blank/invalid vote rates in the elections.
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